Christiane Roßbach was born in Augsburg. She studied drama at the Otto Falckenberg School of Performing Arts in Munich. From 1989 to 2001, she was a member of the Residence Theatre Munich ensemble. From 2002 to 2005, she was in the Freiburg Theatre ensemble, and from 2006 to 2011, of the Düsseldorf Schauspielhaus. Here, she won the Gustaf Award in 2008 for Best Female Actor. After working as a freelance actor for several years, she joined the Stuttgart Schauspiel ensemble in the 2018/19 season.